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Información de Patentes para Programas de I+D
por Jaime Aboites y Tomás Beltrán
 
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Taxonomía de la Biotecnología

Este proyecto se basa en el análisis de patentes y de citas (backward y forward) del área de biotecnología. Se utiliza la clasificación diseñada por el SPRU Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex, Brington UK.
La clasificación tiene las siguientes subdivisiones.

No.
SPRU Class
Definition
1
Animales

Preparation of, production of, and use of ANIMALS (and their related applications e.g. for assay, protein production, disease models)

2
Plantas Preparation of, production of, and use of PLANTS (and their related applications e.g. for assay, or food production)
3
Microorganismos MICROORGANISMS, including Viruses, Bacteria, and Microscopic eukaryotes such as Fungi, Compositions thereof; Process of propagating, maintaining, or preserving, or Compositions thereof; Process of preparing or isolating a Composition containing such organisms ; Culture Media thereof.
4
Mat. Biológicos para aplicaciones terapéuticas Preparation of, compositions of or production of BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS for therapeutic use (e.g. peptides and proteins and their related applications e.g. as drugs)
5
Mat. Biológicos para aplica-ciones genéticas Preparation of, compositions of, or production of BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS for industrial applications (eg. Peptides or proteins or whole bacteria)
6
Cultivo de tejidos Preparation of or production of cell and organs eg. Cell culture, for transplantation, or for in vitro assay.
7
Ingeniería Genética GENETIC ENGINEERING - including materials (eg DNA, RNA and recombinant DNA, RNA), processes for isolating such materials, and composition of such materials; methods for modification and manipulation of such materials and products of such manipulation
8
Biosíntesis Use of higher living organism, Microorganisms, or single cells or part thereof for BIOSYNTHESIS (e.g., in fermentation)
9
Biosensores BIOSENSORS: Processes for the control of biological materials or modified biological materials or for their use for methods of analysis, diagnosis, detection and sensing
10
Métodos de análisis no biológi-cos Methods for detecting the presence of biological materials, or analysing compositions or properties thereof, where the method of analysis is not derived from a biological process
11
Dispositivos APPARATUS including instrumentation, vessels, etc. for use in production, analysis or storage of biological materials (including organisms ) or control of processes utilising such materials
12
Limpieza y bioseparación BIO- SEPARATION or cleaning through use of enzymes, microorganisms etc. for processes such as liquid purification, Waste treatment.
13
Fertilizantes y pesticidas Use of microoganisms, enzymes or peptides, as, or for production of, FERTILIZERS or PESTICIDES
14
Bioinformática BIOINFORMATICS: methods for the storage, retrieval or analysis of biological data (inc. DNA sequences, and protein structures)

En este trabajo se ofrece la información tanto para el tratamiento de la biotecnología como un todo, como de sus clasificaciones constitutivas.